Moral values and
Argument duties


Moral arguments take either the existence of morality or some specific feature of morality to imply the existence of God. It is only if God exists, the moral argument suggests, that the moral facts could be as they are, or even that there could be any moral facts at all. There are several different forms of moral argument, here We’ll focus on a simple form.

(1) Objective moral valuers and duties exist 

(2) But if God did not exist, objective moral values and duties would not exist. 

(3) Therefore, God exists

Introductory Videos

Essential Books

A great introductory book on apologetics and recommended for beginners. This book introduces you to the moral argument on how to state and defend it. This book also comes with a study guide

Level: Beginner

If you have read on Guard, then this is the level up and may feel like quite a leap in terms of depth. Here you will get a fuller, more in depth case and defence of the arguments with also a more in-depth analysis of the opposing theories. This book also comes with a study guide

Level: Intermediate

A level up from Reasonable Faith book and is very much aimed at scholars and serious students of natural theology. If you want to get into the serious arguments defending Christianity, this is the place to look, but be prepared for a complex read, even if you’re quite comfortable with the moral argument material so far.

Level: Advanced 

Video Lessons

Taken from Defenders, William Lane Craig's class on the Moral argument in five lessons

Key talks

Paul Copan delivers the moral argument for God’s existence in an extensive essential lecture for the Christian.


The Moral Argument for God

“Objective” or “Absolute” Moral Values?

Gratuitous Evil and Moral Discernment

Euthyphro Dilemma

Can God Ground Necessary Moral Truths?

Problem of Evil without Objective Moral Values

Is the Islamic Conception of God Morally Inadequate?

The Moral Argument – InspiringPhilosophy vs Cosmic Skeptic

Is Moral Realism True? & Is The Moral Argument Sound? Inspiring Philosophy Vs. Skylar Fiction

The Moral Argument for God – John Cranman & Cory Markum

Is WLC’s Moral Argument Sound? – Jeffery Jay Lowder & Wade Tisthammer

The Conditional Premiss of the Moral Argument – Peoples, Rauser, Hannestad, Moore

God and Objective Morality – Dr. William Lane Craig vs Dr. Erik Wielenberg (Debate 2018)

 Morality – Is the foundation of morality natural or supernatural? Debate: Sam Harris Vs William Lane Craig

 If God Is Dead, Is Everything Permitted? – William Lane Craig vs. Torbjorn Tännsjö:

Is God Necessary for Morality? William Lane Craig vs Shelly Kagan Debate

Are there objective truths about God? Part 1

Are there objective truths about God? Part 2

Critique on Sam Harris and the moral landscape

If God Does Not Exist, Why Be a Moral Person?

Accusation: ‘Morality is a by-product of evolution’ is not an objection to the moral argument

Isn’t it objectively true that I hold my own subjective moral values?

Do differences in moral opinions entail moral subjectivity

Can acts of love earn us a place in heaven?

Richard Dawkins inconsistent view of morality

Without God, morality is merely a socio-biological adaptation

The existential longing for perfect moral goodness

Are moral values abstract objects?

How do you identify objective moral values

On atheism there are no objective moral standards

Moral values are objective regardless of how we come to know them

Response to Neitzsches critique of Christian morality

Did God command genocide in the bible?

Does it matter if premise 1 in the moral argument is counterfactual?

Can we demonstrate that objective moral values exist to a Nihilist who claims the are illusory?

Statement: There’s a difference to Absolute and objective moral values

Can’t moral values be grounded in society

Does God have to be good or are things good because God says so?

Moral accountability in society

Moral code or just moral opinions

Are morals the result of social conditioning

What is the Euthyphro dilemma?

No free will = no moral responsiblity

Name a moral Acton a Christian committed that an atheist can’t

Are animals moral beings?

Can science determine moral and ethical values?

What good is morality in light of immorality?

How do you know objective morality is based on God?

Atheism and Nihilism

Is moral relativism liveable?

Is morality purely conditional?

Humanistic morality?

Can there be objective morality outside of God?

Where do objective morals originate in the universe?

Do you need religion to know morals?

Do You Need Religion to Have Morals?